RSR: How Earthquakes Gave Us a 365-Day Year illustration from Walt Brown's Hydroplate Theory* This Show Summary includes the RSR Earthquake Warning Policy: Today's special edition of Real Science Radio on earthquakes features Kevin Lea who's interest in geology has led him to monitor earthquakes worldwide for ten years and to keep his own daily database for five years of earthquake activity as reported by the USGS. Kevin Lea, a graduate of the Naval Nuclear Power program who later worked in the nuclear engineering department of the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, now pastors Calvary Church in Port Orchard, Washington. Bob asks Kevin:

- Why did ancient cultures use a 360-day calendar? (see RSR's
- Why did early mathematicians divide a circle into 360 degrees?
- Why does the Earth's core rotate faster than the Earth?
- Why are there so many earthquakes away from plate boundaries?
- Why are there 40,000 volcanoes in the Pacific rather than in the Atlantic?
- Why are so many ocean trenches in the Pacific and not in the Atlantic?
- Why does the center of the trench region lie opposite of the Mid-Atlantic ridge?
Why are there earthquakes with epicenters so deep that they stun geologists?
- Why are earthquake depths bimodal clustering at 20 and 370 miles deep?
- Why do so few earthquakes occur at 220 miles deep?

- Why is there so much liquid rock in the earth?
- Why did the Earth's rotation speed up from 360 to 365 days per year?
- Why does the hard data from GPS stations show that the crust does not move as predicted by plate tectonics?

For example, "the causes of deep earthquakes hundreds of kilometres inside the Earth" are a mystery with some geologists wondering if water molecules in crystals might be the explanation. Add the fact that earthqakes depths are "bimodal" and that really presents a quandry to geologists not persuaded by the hydroplate theory.

* Other Great Kevin Lea Shows on Real Science Radio: Enjoy Kevin Lea, hydroplate expert, also on the origin of comets, liquefaction, and about the frozen mammoths and see his Earthquake video!

* Kevin Lea's Earthquake Video: See here Kevin Lea's great Earthquake video which includes amazing information about the terrible 2011 Japan earthquake that most reports ignored and that most geologists unfortunately won't understand anyway. Learn also that earthquakes have more to do with rock melting and (depending upon its depth) either expanding or contracting, than they do with movement of crustal plate tectonics. Also note, magma cannot rise from any depth below 220 miles, thus the circular convection currents that plate tectonics theory claims move in the mantle are physically impossible.

* RSR Earthquake Warning Policy: March 2011 Update: In 2004 two of the four participants in an Age of the Earth Debate who faced off were Bob Enyart and John Nicholl, the former president of EEGS, Environmental and Engineering Geophysical Society. After the debate, Nicholl asked Enyart, if the earth really were young, and had recently experienced a global flood, that would mean that geologists should give governments greater warnings about earthquake risks, so do you think we should do that? Bob answered yes, governments should be warned of earthquake risks, and volcanic eruptions, greater than that predicted by old-earth assumptions.

Since that debate on Feb. 28, 2004 the world has not only seen the recent quakes that made the headlines like in Italy and Haiti, but four of the top ten most powerful quakes in the last 100 years have hit since that recent debate:
- 2004-12-26 Mag. 9.1 Off Coast of Sumatra
- 2005-3-28 Mag. 8.6 Northern Sumatra
- 2007-9-12 Mag. 8.5 Southern Sumatra
- 2011-3-11 Mag. 9.0 Off Coast of Japan

Since 9-11, when the terrible casualty count was about 3,000 dead from terrorism, governments have spent more than a trillion dollars attempting to minimize the risk of further such deaths. In contrast, the quake deaths in the few years since our debate stand at 637,000, dead, from earthquakes (462,000 through 2009 plus the estimated 150,000 in the Port-au-Prince area and 25,000 Japanese casualties). That's nearly 100,000 deaths per year.

Confidence in geological risk assessment is underserved unless the geologist  can account for major features of the earth's crustal history, as discussed above, including by explaining:
- Why are there 40,000 volcanoes in the Pacific rather than in the Atlantic?
- Why are so many ocean trenches in the Pacific and not in the Atlantic?
- Why does the center of the Pacific trenches lie opposite of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge?
- Why are there so many earthquakes away from plate boundaries?

Because of the assumption that everything is billions of years old, scientists are astonished to see so many transient occurrences in our galaxy, in our solar system, in Saturn, in the moon, and on the Earth. A thousand times over young-earth creationism is consistent with scientific observations, whereas those observations surprise old-earthers because they would never have predicted such occurrences.

Over the last 20 years, BEL has had accurate predictions regarding the spread of HIV in America, recognition of abortion as a risk factor for breast cancer, that global warming is a fabricated crisis, etc. Now, it turns out that BEL's Earthquake Warning Policy  for governments is spot on also. Hopefully geologists will see the evidence constantly amassed by young-earth creationists and will allow enough doubt to be created to give them open minds. (To that end, RSR invites them to see our List of Not So Old Things,, C-14 Everywhere No Longer an Anomaly, and

If such doubt is created in the minds of geologists, then they will answer geophysicist John Nicholl's question correctly: Yes, we should warn governments of earthquake risks greater than conventional wisdom assumes as predicted by old-earth assumptions.

* Other Real Science Radio Programs:
- BEL's famous List of Not-So-Old Things
- Bob's debate with Christian Darwinist British author James Hannam
- BEL's PZ Myers Trochlea Challenge (since PZ blogged on Bob Enyart this summer)
- Waiting for Darwin's Other Shoe: Evolution mag's cover story Darwin Was Wrong on the Tree of Life
- Microbiologist in Studio: Bob talks with the Creation Research Society Quarterly editor about new genetic findings

* Today’s Resource: JUST RELEASED: You can get Focus on the Strategy 3 as well as Focus on the Strategy 1 & 2 DVD combo containing the blockbuster analysis of pro-life and political strategy. Focus on the Strategy, advertised by other ministries as the DVD of the Century, is the blockbuster analysis of Christian political strategy, filmed before a live audience of 300 Christian activists in which Bob Enyart reveals the presentation he gave at Focus on the Family to Tom Minnery, VP of Public Policy for Dr. James Dobson. And the sequel, film festival finalist Focus on the Strategy II, with its dozens of video and audio clips which has extraordinary endorsements from many Christian leaders as the must see video for everyone who wants to end 'legalized' abortion. Now, Focus 3 presents the three-pronged strategy of how to end abortion! Please watch these vitally important DVDs and consider getting a set for a friend!

First Approximation of the Length of a Day on the Pre-Flood Earth
365.242 days to orbit the sun today, in 2012
360 days initially to orbit the sun, from the creation to the global flood
101.46% 365.25 is what pct of 360?
86,400  seconds in a 365-day year day
87,658 seconds in a day during a pre-flood 360-day year
3,600 seconds in an hour
24.35  # of hours (by today's measure) in a pre-flood 360-day year day
60 minutes in an hour
1,440.0 # of minutes in a day in a 365-day year
1,461.0 # of minutes in a day in a pre-flood 360-day year
20.97 additional minutes in the length of a day today as compared to the length of a day in the initial, pre-flood 360-day year

So as a first approximation, each day was 21 minutes longer in the initial rotation of the Earth. Further considerations include mass lost to space and any effect that may have on density.