The Multiverse is a Yardstick to Measure the Strength of the Fine-Tuning Argument

* What is the Multiverse? Real Science Radio co-host Fred Williams passes along a question from a listener to Bob Enyart, "What's the Multiverse?" Bob answers, "The multiverse is a yardstick used to measure the strength of the fine tuning argument for God." But then, "Why do so many atheists support the multiverse?" Answer: "The degree of acceptance of the multiverse measures the desperation of atheists."

* Another Transient Event: Oxygen on Comet 67P: Bob and Fred also report on all the oxygen outgassing from comet 67P, to the dismay of atheists. Prof. Kathrin Altwegg is the project leader for the instrument which which measured the comet releasing oxygen over the course of seven months, the ROSINA mass spectrometer. It is because of well-known basic chemistry that Dr. Altwegg had to awkwardly admit, “We had never thought that oxygen could 'survive' for billions of years without combining with other substances." Yet even though oxygen is highly reactive, there it is, allegedly after billions of years, constituting much of the comet’s atmosphere along with water vapor, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and other gases. Of course though plentiful oxygen in comets is consistent with a young earth and an accurate understanding of origins, including as we reported at And while you need a (very worthwhile) subscription to to read his article, we also recommend Dr. Jonathan Sarfati's Oxygen in comet atmosphere undermines billions of years.

* NASA's Bait-and-Switch on Water and Life: Today's program includes a brief audio clip from RSR's upcoming Evidence Against the Big Bang video. This audio documents NASA's typical bait-and-switch when they state the obvious, and something that everyone knows, that: Water is NEEDED TO MAINTAIN life. Then they switch that out for a claim that runs contrary to everything known about chemistry, when by a slight-of-hand they claim that water would be a BENEFIT to the ORIGIN OF LIFE from matter. In reality, water is the universal solvent, and would relentlessly dissolve amino acids, any polymers, etc.

* Marijuana Mutates DNA and Harms One's Descendants: The guys discuss the latest horrific study on marijuana which strengthens a 2009 study confirming that smoking pot does in fact cause mutations, including heritable mutations that harm one's own children and grandchildren. See this and so much more at aka RSR's List of the Negative Effects of Marijuana

* Updated Show Summary for Last Week's Frank Turek Interview: Finally, Bob and Fred mention last week's interview with Apologist Frank Turek. That show summary has been updated including with the promised list of the few but important matters that RSR disagrees with Dr. Turek on. You can find this at

* How Fast Is the Sun Moving? How fast is our Sun moving, and then, how fast is the Real Science Radio studio moving? (We're nestled between Denver and Golden, Colorado in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains.) The answer, of course, cannot be given unless the question is clarified. How fast is the Sun moving relative to what? Is the frame of reference the Sun's orbit around the Milky Way? Is it the Sun's relative motion among our neighboring stars? Is it the Sun's motion as it is being carried along by our entire galaxy, as the Milky Way orbits the center of mass of our Local Group of galaxies? Is it the Sun's velocity including the speed of our Local Group? Here are some current answers for the RSR studio and for the solar system:

800 mph: The speed of Denver, Colorado as it rotates around the Earth's axis (being a mile high adds 0.25 mph)
45,000 mph: Per Stanford and Google, 1994 to 2016, Sun's speed as though the other Milky Way stars were at rest
52,000 mph: From in 2012, apparently also as though the rest of the Milky Way were at rest
67,000 mph: Speed of the Earth orbiting the Sun from our distance of approximately 93-million-miles away

- 450,000 mph: The Sun's speed, per in 2015, as it orbits the center of the Milky Way
- 515,000 mph: From, in 2013, implying this is the Sun's speed as it orbits the Milky Way
The speed of our own Sun (like the rotation speeds of galaxies generally) exceeds that which could be achieved by gravity and the big bang model; thus one of the theory's rescue devices, dark matter, was invoked to explain their rapid rotation.

- 800,000 mph: From NASA circa 1994, surprising if the big bang were true, the Sun's speed relative to the CMB
- 1.2M mph: Wikipedia referencing a 1993 Astrophysical Journal paper on the COBE results relative to the CMB

1.4M mph: Wikipedia per a 2004 Cambridge University text, inconsistent with the big bang, relative to expansion

To more accurately estimate the Sun's "local" speed, one would have to take four of its local frames of reference into account and vectorially add its:
- speed relative to the other stars in the Milky Way to its
- speed around the galactic center to the
- speed of the Milky Way as it orbits the center of our Local Group to the
- speed our Local Group of galaxies as they all head toward the Virgo supercluster.
If you'd like to provide more details on all of this, please let us know by emailing

- 26M mph: The fastest star clocked in our own galaxy is speeding along at 26 million mph. The star, designated US 708, is moving 13 times faster than the next fastest known star, and as with other hyper velocity stars, is moving faster than the galatic escape velocity and so it is headed out of the Milky Way. NASA says that a supernova burst propelled 708 to what amounts to a thousand times faster than rocket speed. Recall that the rotation speeds of galaxies exceed the expectations of the big bang model. (However, eleven times the Bible reports that God, "stretched out the heavens", therefore, less than 10,000 years ago at the end of creation Day Four, He left those galaxies rotating at their current speeds. Recall also the assessment of the greatest scientist who ever lived, Isaac Newton, who wrote that the, "rotations of the Planets could not be derived from gravity but required a divin{e} power to impress them.") So it will be interesting to see:
- Can NASA's animation of their posited Supernova boost to US 708 can pass peer review?
- With what is known of 708's trajectory, can astronomers can find the supernova remnant (SNR) of its booster rocket?

* The Milky Way in Infrared (source: NASA)